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5 Things You Should Know – Part 301

Here are 5 things you should know.

1. There’s a US government website you can use to see payments your doctors and hospitals may have received from drug and medical device companies.

https://openpaymentsdata.cms.gov/

You can look up doctors and hospitals in the US and see how much money or other compensation they’re making from drug and medical device companies. It’ll also show you who they’re getting the money from, and if it’s more or less than the average doctor in their field receives.

2. In the US, if you are arrested and you choose to remain silent, you must “unambiguously” invoke this right before the police are required to stop questioning.

In Berghuis v. Thompkins, the US Supreme Court ruled that in order to invoke the “right to cut off questioning” from the police, you must “unambiguously” state that you are exercising your right to remain silent. Simply saying nothing is not considered enough to invoke this right.

The decision states:  In sum, a suspect who has received and understood the Miranda warnings and has not invoked his Miranda rights, waives the right to remain silent by making an uncoerced statement to the police. Thompkins did not invoke his right to remain silent and stop the questioning. Understanding his rights in full, he waived his right to remain silent by making a voluntary statement to the police. The police, moreover, were not required to obtain a waiver of Thompkins’s right to remain silent before interrogating him.

Thompkins was accused (and ultimately found guilty) of murder. At an interrogation, he was practically silent until near the end, when an officer asked him, three questions: “Do you believe in God?”,’ “Do you pray to God?”, and “Do you pray to God to forgive you for shooting that boy down?”. His one-word response to the final question, “Yes”, was considered an admission of guilt and used to convict him. He argued that he was coerced into making that statement and that it violated his 5th amendment right.

My understanding is that although you can simply not say anything, the police can continue to question you until you say you will not answer any questions. Once you’ve been Mirandized, waiving your right to remain silent can be implied by making any response to a question. Further, police are not required to obtain a waiver that you know your rights and choose to waive them.

Sources:

3. You can get a sunburn even when it’s cloudy.

Clouds filter out only about 20% of the UV rays cast by the sun, which are what causes sunburns.

To effectively combat this, most sunscreen and sunblock suggest being applied every two hours to areas prone to burning. If you have trouble preventing burns despite using sunscreen, try sunblock. Sunscreen filters out most UV rays while allowing sunlight to come in contact with the dermis, while sunblock reflects all light from the sun. Keep yourself safe!

https://www.healthcentral.com/article/why-do-you-need-sunscreen-on-a-cloudy-day

4. When news media say that a person “faces [X time] in jail/prison”, they are talking about the maximum time allowed by law; not a prediction of what the person will actually get.

A very very small minority of criminal defendants will actually receive the maximum punishment possible for their case. The overwhelming majority of cases are resolved by plea bargaining where the punishment is not even close to the maximum.

5. Google Images has good recommendations for completing matching outfits.

Finding out what matches and looks good can be hard. You could look at a color wheel, but if you just Google your article of clothing (e.g. man in a grey t-shirt), you can look at the numerous images of guys (and gals) wearing that piece of clothing and copy the outfit from your own wardrobe. This is pretty much like looking at mannequins in stores, but you have such a large selection at your fingertips!

If you want to take it a step further, you can Google your build as well (e.g. heavy/slim/athletic man in maroon button-up shirt). You are now that much more similar in appearance to the model on Google. Now you can even copy their techniques and clothing hacks too such as tie length, type of tie knot, shirt tucking, partial tucking, how far the bottoms are on the waist, accessories, how many buttons are left undone, where the hem of the shirt lies at the crotch, whether or not the shirt has tails to find out if it can be left untucked, and many more.

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