Human beings are hardwired to prioritize themselves and those closest to them. As long as someone has a good job, a roof over their head, access to all three meals per day, and some form of entertainment, climate change or world hunger will probably be the least of their worries. For the past 20 years, most countries and NGOs have done a commendable job in trying to solve global problems. However, the problem is that not enough effort and resources are being channeled into resolving these issues. To increase awareness about them, here are 8 serious global problems that need to be resolved as soon as possible.

1. Poverty

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According to a report released by the World Bank in 2022, 712 million people worldwide live below the poverty line, an increase of 23 million people from 2019. The cost of living has increased, and there are no new sources of income, meaning many people can’t afford basic needs.

Poverty is a global problem because those affected are most likely to suffer from poor health due to inaccessibility to clean water and food. Also, as poverty levels rise, communities are at a higher risk of experiencing insecurity. Education and job creation are the two best solutions to eradicating this menace.

2. Refugees

For a while, the number of refugees worldwide was low because no major wars were fought after World War II. However, this problem has escalated again ever since Russia invaded Ukraine. This war alone has seen 6.5 million refugees flee from Ukraine to other parts of the world. A number that is likely to increase as the war goes on.

The other country affected by this is war-torn Syria – it had a reported 6.49 million refugees in 2023. The people of Afghanistan, South Sudan, DRC and Somalia are constantly battling the problem of refugees every year. There is no doubt that the refugee crisis is a global problem; it puts the affected at a higher risk of trafficking, extortion, and death. Unfortunately, providing asylum to refugees is not enough. Organizations need to address the root causes of war and political instability.

3. Mental Health

According to the National Institution of Health, NIH, 14.3% of deaths that happen every year are linked to mental disorders. Statistics also show that at least 1 billion people are living with a mental health disorder. For a long time, mental health wasn’t accorded the relevance it deserves, and it probably explains why these issues have become rampant in the 21st century.

Governments must prioritize mental health services in hospitals, and relevant bodies must raise awareness about this global problem. Gone are the days when mental health issues affected a particular group. Today, everyone, irrespective of their age, gender, or other demographics, is susceptible to some form of mental health condition, including anxiety and depression, which are the primary culprits.

4. Future Pandemics

If there is anything we learned from COVID-19, the world is not prepared for future pandemics. The global shutdown in 2020 left the economy in shambles, and people have yet to recover. Should another similar or more adverse disease spread across the globe, humanity’s fate would be at risk.

Scientists need to up their game and stay ahead of any health risks and diseases. A budget should be set aside for the creation and transportation of vaccines. Hospitals need to advance their medical equipment and services to make them more effective in dealing with outbreaks.

5. LGBTQ+ Rights

The LGBTQ+ community has made significant strides in the past two decades. But there is still a long way to go before their rights are fully respected. In certain countries like Uganda, Saudi Arabia, and Iran, homosexuality has been criminalized, and it’s punishable by long prison sentences. Even in countries like the United States, where same-sex marriages have been accepted by law, this community continues to experience open criticism and discrimination.

To prevent violence against the LGBTQ+ community, the world needs to be educated about human rights. Also, religious leaders have a significant role to play in upholding the rights of the LGBTQ. That’s because countries that have been strongly influenced by religion are the ones that fight this community the most.

6. Disinformation

The spread of fake information is at an all-time high. For instance, during the COVID-19 pandemic, many fake cures for the virus were being popularized. A good example was the claim that Vitamin C could treat the coronavirus, which was false.

Disinformation poses a considerable threat to the world because it can cause uncertainty and lead to unpredictable behaviors. Technology in the form of Artificial Intelligence can be used to generate deepfakes, thus supporting the spread of fake news. Social media makes things worse because it allows such information to travel faster.

7. Debt

For first-world countries, this may not be a cause for concern. However, for third-world countries, debt is a serious issue that causes many problems. Countries plunged into debt experience higher taxes paired with high living standards, and the residents suffer the most. As if that’s not enough, debt can significantly limit government expenditure, meaning the country won’t have any significant developments such as good infrastructure and healthcare.

8. Climate Change

Even though global warming started two centuries ago, 1988 was the turning point for climate change. The summer of 1988 was the hottest to be recorded in history, and ever since, environmentalists have been advocating for climate change measures.

Many people do not care about global warming because they do not consider it an urgent problem. However, as the temperatures continue to rise, they pose a considerable risk to humanity and the entire ecosystem. If nothing is done, the deteriorating climate can cause significant health concerns and make more cities inhabitable.

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Last Update: May 25, 2024